About Cats

Cats, scientifically known as Felis catus, belong to the kingdom Animalia, class Mammalia, and order Carnivora. These enchanting creatures have captivated human households for thousands of years with their elegance, independence, and mysterious nature. 

Cats are mysterious and intriguing seemingly operating independently with the world around them.  Whether in the house, lounging in the yard, or roaming the community, cats seem to be doing their own thing.

Cats are small to medium-sized mammals with flexible bodies, sharp retractable claws, and keen senses. They come in a wide array of coat colors, patterns, and textures, each adding to their individual beauty and charm. With their expressive eyes, upright ears, and graceful movements, cats possess an undeniable allure. Their lithe bodies, designed for stealth and agility, enable them to be skilled climbers and hunters.

Popular Cats

How many breeds of cats are there?  There are numerous cat breeds worldwide, each with its unique physical attributes, temperaments, and characteristics. Here are seven of the more common and popular cat breeds:

  • Domestic Shorthair: Domestic Shorthairs are mixed-breed cats with short coats. They come in a variety of colors and patterns, and their adaptability and charming personalities make them beloved pets.
  • Maine Coon: Maine Coons are large, majestic cats known for their tufted ears, bushy tails, and tufts of fur on their paws. They are friendly, sociable, and often referred to as “gentle giants.”
  • Siamese: Siamese cats have striking blue eyes and distinctive color-pointed coats. They are vocal, affectionate, and intelligent, often forming strong bonds with their human companions.
  • Persian: Persians have long, luxurious coats and a distinctively flat face. They are known for their calm and gentle demeanor, making them ideal indoor companions.
  • Bengal: Bengals have a wild and exotic appearance reminiscent of their leopard ancestors. They have a distinctive spotted or marbled coat and are highly active and playful.
  • Ragdoll: Ragdolls are large, docile cats with semi-long fur and captivating blue eyes. They are known for their relaxed and affectionate nature, often going limp when picked up.
  • Abyssinian: Abyssinians have a short, ticked coat in various warm colors. They are active, curious, and known for their playful and outgoing personalities.

What are cats known for?

Cats have a multitude of distinctive traits that contribute to their popularity and reputation as beloved pets:

  1. Agility and Balance: Cats are known for their remarkable agility, balance, and grace. They can effortlessly navigate narrow spaces, leap with precision, and exhibit incredible acrobatic skills.
  2. Independent Nature: Cats are renowned for their independent spirit. They possess a strong sense of autonomy and often display a self-sufficient and self-grooming behavior.
  3. Hunting Skills: Cats are natural hunters, thanks to their keen senses, sharp claws, and stealthy movements. Even domestic cats may exhibit hunting behaviors, such as pouncing or stalking small prey.
  4. Mysterious Aura: Cats have captivated humans throughout history with their mysterious and enigmatic nature. Their elusive behaviors, nocturnal habits, and ability to exhibit both affection and aloofness contribute to their air of mystique.


Cats, with their elegance, captivating personalities, and enigmatic behaviors, have woven their way into our hearts and homes. From the diverse range of cat breeds to their individual preferences and distinct traits, cats offer a world of fascination and companionship. 

Whether they are large or small, long-haired or short-haired, cats bring joy, comfort, and a touch of mystery to our lives. Understanding their needs, behavior, and unique qualities allows us to forge strong bonds and provide them with the love and care they deserve.

Types of Cats

Abyssinian Cat

American Curl Cat

American Short Hair Cat

Bengal Cat

Bombay Black Cat

Cornish Rex Cat

Himalayan Cat

Japanese Bobtail

Main Coon

Munchkin Cat

Persian Cat

Ragdoll Cat

Russian Blue

Savannah Cat

Scottish Fold

Siamese Cat

Sphynx Cat

Toyger Cat


1. What are the largest and smallest cat breeds?

The cat breeds vary in size, but notable extremes include:

  1. Largest Domestic Cat: The Maine Coon holds the record for being the largest domestic cat breed. Males can weigh between 13-18 pounds or more, while females typically range from 8-12 pounds.
  2. Smallest Domestic Cat: The Singapura cat breed is recognized as the smallest domestic cat breed. Adult Singapuras typically weigh between 4-8 pounds, making them petite and delicate.

2. How long do cats live?

The average lifespan of cats can vary depending on various factors, including genetics, diet, and overall care. On average, indoor cats can live between 12-16 years, while outdoor cats may have shorter lifespans due to various risks.

However, some cats have been known to live well into their late teens or early twenties with proper veterinary care and a nurturing environment. It’s important to note that individual cats within a breed may have different lifespans.

3. What do cats eat?

Cats are obligate carnivores, which means they require a diet primarily composed of animal-based proteins to meet their nutritional needs. A balanced cat diet includes high-quality commercial cat food that provides essential nutrients such as taurine, an amino acid vital for their overall health.

Wet cat food, dry kibble, or a combination of both can be suitable choices, depending on the cat’s preferences and dietary requirements. It’s crucial to provide fresh water at all times and avoid feeding cats toxic foods such as chocolate, onions, and grapes.

4. Which cats make the best house pets?

Choosing the best cat breed as a house pet depends on individual preferences, lifestyle, and the cat’s compatibility with the owner’s environment. Some breeds that are often considered excellent house pets include:

  1. Domestic Shorthair: Their versatility, adaptability, and affectionate nature make them ideal companions for various households.
  2. Ragdoll: Ragdolls are known for their calm and docile temperament, making them suitable for families seeking a gentle and affectionate cat.
  3. Maine Coon: Despite their large size, Maine Coons are known for their friendly and sociable nature, making them great choices for families.

On the other hand, no specific breed can be considered the worst as a house pet. Some breeds, such as highly active or independent cats, may require more experienced owners who can provide appropriate stimulation and care to meet their specific needs.

5. Why do cats hate the water?

Many cats have an aversion to water, but the degree of dislike can vary between individuals. The aversion to water is rooted in their evolutionary history. Cats’ ancestors, such as the African Wildcat, lived in arid regions and did not encounter water frequently. 

As a result, domestic cats have retained this instinctive dislike for water. However, some individual cats may show an exception to this generalization and exhibit curiosity or enjoyment of water under certain circumstances.

6. Why do cats purr?

Cats are renowned for their soothing and comforting purring sound. Purring is a unique behavior in which cats vibrate their vocal cords and diaphragm muscles.

While the exact mechanism behind purring is not fully understood, cats are believed to purr for various reasons, including contentment, relaxation, and communication with their human companions. Purring can also occur when cats are in pain or distress, serving as a self-soothing mechanism.

  • Burnie, David & Wilson, Don, Animal, Smithsonian Institute, Washington DC.
  • Hickman et al, Integrated Principle of Zoology, McGraw Hill, Boston.